Criminal Report. About Records.
There are a number of main topics that should be understood when you are just beginning to learn about criminal records and the offender records industry. One of the most pertinent is-of course-the criminal report document itself. In the following discussion, we will discuss what one is, how it relates to the criminal justice system, as well as all information about criminal records that make for the most successful criminal record search.
A criminal report is a document that is recorded by law enforcement or a criminal justice agency of a particular illegal incident, crime, or offense. A criminal report is administered every time there is an action of an offender or purported offender. This not only includes arrests, charged, convictions, and sentencing; but also, in the case of probation and incarceration details as well. Moreover, in many spheres, bad credit actions are considered offender activity, and so this same sort of cataloging of information happens here as well.
Though much offender background information is available today to all entities that inquire, it was not always so. Previous to 1966 and the Freedom of Information Act, all offender information that passed through government jurisdictional courts, prisons, police stations, etc were only accessible to U.S. justice agencies-otherwise the very same individuals who created and managed the offender records. The Freedom of Information Act opened up this wealth of information in the government jurisdictions to the availability of not just offender justice agencies, but also, now non-offender justice agencies and the public. There were-of course-restrictions based on the crime, offender history of the offender, classification of the crime, and specific details of the case-varying in punishment and rendering as regards state legislation; but for the most part, the information available was seemingly limitless. This act gave birth to the offender record and offender records industry.
A particular offender record includes all offender information that an individual has been involved in their life. Though many states stipulate that records previous to a certain age-otherwise known as juvenile records-should be expunged, the general standard is that it offers a lifetime of offender activity. This is where an offender having committed a crime of a minor offense could have issue with the availability of background information-since they do not believe that they should have to pay for their misdeeds for the rest of their lives-once rehabilitated. This said, there are-in fact-a number of ways that the lifetime of a offender activity in an offender history can be shortened, depending on the reason for doing so, as well as the state in which the crime was processed. This is most often referred to as expunging or sealing a background history, and each state has their own approach to how they evaluate what crimes should be sealed from non-justice agency and public view. Some states seal juvenile, misdemeanors, arrests without convictions, and/or offender histories of crimes committed a minimum of 3 years ago. Some states consider DUI first offenses felonies, while others still process and punish the DUI as a misdemeanor. So, while an offender history potentially has lifetime visibility for anyone searching the information, its permanence is not necessarily set in stone, depending on the jurisdiction in which it is processed as well as factors of the crime.
With these basics in mind regarding the background record, a brief overview on how to approach a search of this kind is necessary. Briefly, to conduct the most complete search for a background on a particular individual, a person should investigate all jurisdictional courts and information repositories for possible offender activity. This is because not all crimes classified as such and processed and sentenced in like kind measure. So, whether your search involves the aid of an offender records vendor, a private investigator, or a search on your own; all bases should always be covered in order to ensure you have all the pieces of a person’s background history in mind.